CBS News Archives
Library of Congress
and Records Administration
UCLA Film and
of Southern Carolina Newsfilm Archive
Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archives
Books Used In Research
Berenbaum, Michael. "The World Must Know:
The History Of The Holocaust As Told In The United States Holocaust
Memorial Museum." New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1993.
Bliss, Ed. "In Search of Light: Broadcasts
of Edward R. Murrow 1938-1961." New York: Alfred A. Knopf,
Breitman, Richard. "Official Secrets: What the
Nazis Planned, What the British and Americans Knew." New York: Hill
& Wang, 1999.
Cloud, Stanley and Olson, Lynne. "The Murrow
Boys." New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1996.
Feingold, Henry L. "The Politics of Rescue:
The Roosevelt Administration and the Holocaust, 1938-1945." New
Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1970.
Gruber, Ruth. "Haven: The Unknown Story of 1000
World War II Refugees." New York: New American Library, 1983.
Hogan, David, Ed. "The Holocaust Chronicle:
A History in Words and Pictures." Illinois: Publications International
Hollister, Paul and Strunsky, Robert, Eds. "From
Pearl Harbor Into Tokyo: The Story As Told By War Correspondents
On The Air." New York: Columbia Broadcasting System, 1945.
Hollister, Paul and Strunsky, Robert, Eds. "From
D-Day to Victory in Europe: The Story as Told By War Correspondents
On the Air." New York: Columbia Broadcasting System, 1945.
Kurth, Peter. "American Cassandra: The
Life of Dorothy Thompson." Boston, Little, Brown and Company,
Lacquer, Walter. "The Terrible Secret: An Investigation
into the Suppression of Information About Hitler's 'Final Solution.'"
London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1980.
Lipstadt, Deborah E. "Beyond Belief: The American
Press and the Coming of the Holocaust, 1933-1945." New York: Free
Medoff, Rafael. "The Deafening Silence: American
Jewish Leaders and the Holocaust." New York: Shapolsky Publishers,
Milkman, Paul. "PM: A New Deal in Journalism,
1940-1948." New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1997.
Mitgang, Herbert. "Civilians Under Arms:
The Stars and Stripes, Civil War to Korea." Carbondale: Southern
Illinois University Press, 1996.
Morse, Arthur D. "While Six Million Died: A
Chronicle of American Apathy." New York: Overlook Press, 1967.
Rooney, Andy. "My War." New York:
Random House, 1995.
Ross, Robert. "So It was True: The American
Protestant Press and the Nazi Persecution of the Jews." Minneapolis:
University of Minnesota Press, 1980.
Shirer, William. "This is Berlin: Radio
Broadcasts from Nazi Germany." New York, Overlook Press, 1999.
Smith, Howard K. "Events Leading Up to
my Death." New York: St. Martins Press, 1996.
Smith, Howard K. "Last train from Berlin."
London: The Cresset Press, 1942.
Morgenthau, Henry III. "Mostly Morgenthaus:
A Family History." New York: Ticknor & Fields, 1991.
Tifft, Susan E. and Jones, Alex S. Jones "The
Trust : The Private and Powerful Family Behind the New York Times."
New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1999.
Wyman, David S. "The Abandonment of the Jews:
America and the Holocaust, 1941-1945." New York: Pantheon, 1984.
Wyman, David S. ed. "America and the Holocaust:
A Thirteen-Volume Set Documenting the Acclaimed Book the Abandonment
of the Jews." New York: Garland Pub., 1989-1991.
People Who Appear in the Film
Michael Berenbaum, Holocaust Scholar
Michael Berenbaum is respected worldwide
as a Holocaust Scholar, and has authored more than ten books and
several articles about the Holocaust. His books include, After
Tragedy and Triumph, The World Must Know and Anatomy
of the Auschwitz Death Camp.
In the past, Berenbaum served as director of the United States Holocaust
Research Institute and as the Hymen Goldman Adjunct Professor of
Theology at Georgetown University. He was also the first project
director of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum from its
inception in 1988 until 1993.
Michael Berenbaum was also president and chief
executive officer of the Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation,
a non-profit organization founded by Steven Spielberg that is dedicated
to videotaping and preserving interviews of Holocaust survivors
throughout the world.
Nesse Godin, Holocaust Survivor
Nesse Godin is a survivor of the Shauliai,
Lithuania Ghetto, the Stutthof Concentration Camp, four labor camps,
and a death march. She lived in Shauliai, Lithuania with her parents
and two brothers until the Nazi invasion. She and her husband Jack,
also a Holocaust survivor, came to the United States in 1950 and
settled in the Washington, DC area.
Nesse has dedicated her adult life to teaching
and sharing memories of the Holocaust, and has appeared before a
variety of audiences. Nesse is Co-President of the Jewish Holocaust
Survivors and Friends of Greater Washington. She also serves on
the boards of other Holocaust survivor groups.
Ruth Gruber, Interior Department
Special Assistant, 1941-1946
Ruth Gruber is a photojournalist and
author of fourteen books who has written extensively about Israel
and the Middle East. During World War II, Gruber worked as a foreign
correspondent and then as a special assistant to Harold Ickes, Secretary
of the Interior in the Roosevelt Administration.
In 1944, Ickes asked Gruber to escort a ship
carrying 1,000 European refugees from Italy to Oswego, New York.
She documented this trip through accounts and photographs in several
books and projects including, Haven: The Unknown Story of 1,000
World War II Refugees, and a CBS miniseries scheduled to air
Richard C. Hottelet, War Correspondent,
UP and CBS
Richard C. Hottelet covered World
War II for the United Press and CBS. In 1938, he joined the UPs
Berlin bureau and covered Hitlers intense preparation for
war. In 1941, he was arrested and jailed by the Gestapo. After his
release, Hottelet worked for the Office of War Information in the
United States and London.
In 1944, Hottelet became a CBS News correspondent
in Edward R. Murrows London bureau. Assigned to the Ninth
Air Force and U.S. First Army, Hottlet covered major military battles
including the invasion of Normandy and the Battle of the Bulge.
He continued to work for CBS after the war, and completed a 40-year
career with the network.
Marvin Kalb, Executive Director, Shorenstein
Center, Harvard University
Marvin Kalb is the first Executive Director and a lecturer in Public
Policy for the Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public
Policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.
He has studied and lectured on the topic of the American Press response
to the Holocaust.
During his award winning career in journalism
that spanned more than 30 years, Kalb was the Chief Diplomatic Correspondent
for CBS and NBC News, and moderator of "Meet the Press."
Laurel Leff, Professor of Journalism,
Deborah Lipstadt, Professor of Holocaust
Studies, Emory University
Dr. Deborah E. Lipstadt is the Director
of the Institute for Jewish Studies and a Professor of Holocaust
Studies at Emory University. In 1986, Dr. Lipstadt wrote Beyond
Belief: The American Press and the Coming of the Holocaust.
This book examined American press coverage of the persecution of
European Jewry, and addressed the question "what did the American
public know and when did they know it?"
Her latest book, Denying The Holocaust: The
Growing Assault On Truth And Memory, is the first full length
study of the history of those who attempt to deny the Holocaust.
The book was the subject of simultaneous front page reviews in the
New York Times and the Washington Post. It also resulted in an unsuccessful
libel case filed in British Court by Holocaust denier David Irving.
Dr. Lipstadt has also worked as a historical
consultant to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, served
on the United States Holocaust Memorial Council, and has been called
upon by members of the United States Congress to consult on political
responses to Holocaust denial.
Dr. Rafael Medoff, Professor of Jewish
Studies, S.U.N.Y., Purchase
Dr. Rafael Medoff is the Visiting Scholar
in Jewish Studies at Purchase College at The State University of
New York. He has published widely on the subject of America's response
to the Holocaust, including the 1987 book, "The Deafening Silence:
American Jewish Leaders and the Holocaust." Dr. Medoff has
also authored several essays and articles that have appeared in
scholarly journals, and he recently served as guest editor of a
special two-part issue of "American Jewish History" devoted
to "America and the Holocaust: New Perspectives."
Dr. Medoff has also received research fellowships
from the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library, the Lady Davis Fellowship
Trust, the American Jewish Archives, the American Jewish Historical
Society, and other institutions.
Ernest Michel, Holocaust Survivor
Ernest Michel is a survivor of several
Nazi concentration camps including, Auschwitz, Birkenau, Buna-Monowoitz,
and Buchenwald. Michel was born in Germany and sent to his first
camp in 1939 at age 16. He escaped from a death march from Auschwitz
before the end of World War II.
After the war, Michel worked as a special correspondent
for the German News Agency DANA where he covered the Nuremberg War
Crimes Trial. His articles carried the byline, "Auschwitz Survivor
#104995," and appeared in all German newspapers. Michel arrived
in the United States as a displaced person in 1946 with the aid
of UJA funds. He eventually became a UJA staff member, culminating
his career by serving as the Executive Vice President of the UJA-Federation
of New York for 19 years.
A.M. Rosenthal, New York Times,
A.M. Rosenthal is a columnist at the
New York Daily News, but he spent the majority of his journalistic
career at The New York Times. He started as a college corespondent,
then worked his way up to reporter, foreign correspondent, Executive
Editor, and then as a columnist after he formally retired.
In 1996, the New York Times celebrated
its 100th anniversary. To mark the occasion, the newspaper put together
an exhibit that traced its century of news coverage. Rosenthal wrote
the caption for the Holocaust display that read, "The charge
has often been made that the New York Times coverage
of the holocaust was grossly inadequate. The clippings from the
New York Times shown on the left demonstrate that the charges