On Feb. 1, 1960, four black freshmen from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College in Greensboro, N.C., go to the “whites-only” lunch counter at the F.W. Woolworth store and attempt to order coffee. This was the first of many lunch-counter sit-ins that brought national attention to segregated spaces in the south. However, peaceful sit-ins began earlier, in Aug. 1939, when five black men entered the Barrett Branch of the Alexandria Library in Virginia.
When Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in 1947, baseball was changed forever. However, professional football had a history of integration and re-integration well before Robinson stepped on the field.